Criminal law, the « best known and most discussed face of the legal system », determines the offences and the response to them by society.
It is a law marked by a sanctioning and symbolic character :
Sanctioning, in the sense that it manifests itself through convictions, and punishments. The most severe of these is prison (imprisonment, detention), which can be modified. There are also alternative measures to detention (community service, fines, day fines, etc.), and measures to personalize sentences (suspended sentence, adjournment…).
Symbolic, in that it does not simply arbitrate disputes between individuals, but defends public order and represses social prohibitions..
There is no such thing as a “small” criminal case: for the litigant, a criminal trial is often the only, or the most important, trial of his life.
Alexandre-M. BRAUN, a criminal lawyer, will advise and defend you in this ordeal.
GLOSSARY OF CRIMINAL LAW
General criminal law :
Branch of criminal law that studies the rules common to all criminal offenses. Special criminal law studies, the rules specific to each offense
Judgment on civil interests :
Judgment by which a Court orders the Defendant to compensate the Civil Party, and determines the amount of such compensation.
Criminal judgment :
There is no criminal judgment, the decisions of the Court of Assizes are called « criminal judgments ». Criminal judgments are judgments of the Assize Court, pronouncing convictions and/or acquittals.
The parties can appeal against the decisions of the correctional court and assize court. After the appeal decision, only the “pourvoi en cassation” remains ie an appeal limited to the points of law.
Sanction, pronounced by a court, noting the irregularity of form or substance of a case or part of it. Attention! During the investigation phase, the parties have six months to raise a nullity. And before the Correctional Court, they must do so before any debate on the merits.
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